(PDF) Does self-improvement explain well-being in life and at workplace? Analysis based on selected measures of well-being

(PDF) Does self-improvement explain well-being in life and at workplace? Analysis based on selected measures of well-being

140 Anna Maria Zawadzka, Anna Szabowska-Walaszczyk

In conclusion, it seems that subjective well-being

can be predicted based on the level of readiness for self-

improvement. The results of the two presented studies

correspond to findings obtained by other researchers

regarding factors determining overall well-being in life and

well-being in a particular social context, i.e. at workplace,

which indicate that the intention to improve oneself can

positively influence the level of happiness.

To put it differently, since readiness for self-

improvement may serve as a predictor of overall well-being,

it may well be a way to reach happiness.

Reference

Andrews, F. M., & Withney, S. (1976). Social indicators of well-being.

American Perceptions of life quality. New York: Plenum Press

Bakker, A. (2011). An Evidence-Based Model of Work Engagement.

Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20 (4), 265 –269.

Bakker, A. & Schaufeli W. (2008). Positive organizational behavior:

Engaged employees in flourishing organizations. Journal of

Organizational Behavior, 29, 147–154.

Bakker, A,. Tims, M., & Derks, D. (2012). Proactive personality and job

performance: The role of job crafting and work engagement, Human

Relations, 65 (10), 1359–1378.

Bakker, A., Oelrmans, W. (2010). Subjective well-being in organizations,

In: K. Cameron, & G. Spreitzer (Eds.), Handbook of Positive

Organizational Scholarship. Oxford University Press.

Bauman, Z. (2006). Płynna nowoczesność. [Liquid modernity]. Kraków:

Wydawnictwo Literackie.

Berg, J., Dutton, J., & Wrzesniewski, A. (2008). What is Job Crafting and

Why Does It Matter? Theory-to-practice briefing. From the Center

for Positive Organisational Scholarship. Michigan Ross School of

Business, Regents of the University of Michigan.

Cameron, K. S., Dutton, J., & Quinn, R. (2003). Positive organizational

scholarship. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.

Carver, S.C., & Scheier, M.F. (1998). On the Self-regulation of behaviour.

New York: Cambridge University Press.

Czapiński, J. (1992). Psychologia szczęścia. Przegląd badań i zarys teorii

cebulowej. [Psychology of happiness. A review of studies and outline

of onion theory] Warszawa: Akademos.

Czapiński, J., & Panek, T. (2009). Diagnoza społeczna 2009. Warunki

i jakość życia Polaków. [Social diagnosis 2009. A conditions

and quality of life of the Poles].Warszawa: Rada Monitoringu

Społecznego.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits:

Human needs and the self-determination of behaviour. Psychological

Inquiry, 11, 227-268.

Fisher, B. J. (1995). Successful aging, life satisfaction, and generativity

in later life. The International Journal of Aging and Human

Development, 41 (3), 239-250.

Frederickson, B. L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive

psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions.

American Psychologist, 56 (3), 218-226.

Giddens, A. (2006). Nowoczesność i tożsamość. “Ja” i społeczeństwo w

epoce później nowoczesności. [Modernity and Self-identity. Self and

society in the late modern age]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe

PWN

Hakanen, J., Perhoniemi, L., & Toppinen-Tanner, S. (2008). Positive gain

spirals at work: From job resources to work engagement, personal

initiative and work–unit innovativeness. Journal of Vocational

Behavior, 73, 78–91.

Halliwell, E., & Dittmar, H. (2009). The role of self-improvement and

self-evaluation motives in social comparisons with idealized female

bodies in the media. Body Image, 2 (3), 249-261.

Higgins, E.T. (1996). The “self digest”. Self-knowledge serving self-

regulatory functions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,

71, 1062-1083.

Huta, V., & Ryan, M.R. (2010). Pursuing pleasure or virtue: the differential

and overlapping well-being benefits of hedonic and eudaimonic

motives. Journal of Happiness Studies, 11, 735-762.

Kasser, T. (2002). The High Price of Materialism. New York: MIT

Press: MA.

Luthans, F. (2002). The need for and meaning of positive organizational

behaviour. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 695-706.

Markus, H., Nurius, P. (1986). Possible selves. American Psychologist,

41, 954-969.

Maslow, A. (1970/ 2009). Motywacja i osobowość. [Motivation and

personality]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

Mroczkowska, M. (2013). Podejmowanie aktywności, style spędzania

wolnego czasu, preferowane wartości i gotowość do samonaprawy

w świetle jakości życia u osób starszych. [Undertaken activities,

leisure time, preferred values and readiness for self-improvement

in the elderly people quality of life perspective] Praca magisterska

napisana pod kierunkiem prof. UG dr hab. Anny Marii Zawadzkiej.

Instytut Psychologii, Uniwersytet Gdański

Ryan, R.M., Sheldon, K.M., Kasser, T., Deci, E.L. (1996). All goals are

not created equal: An organismic perspective on the nature of goals

and their regulation. In: P. M. Gollwitzer, J. & A. Bargh (Eds.), The

psychology of action: Linking cognition and motivation to behaviour,

(pp. 7-26). New York: Guilford Press.

Ryff, C. D. (1991). Possible selves in adulthood and aging. A tale of

shifting horizons. Psychology and Aging, 6, 286-295.

Rogers, C. R. (1951/1991). Terapia nastawiona na klienta: grupy

spotkaniowe. [Client-Centered Therapy]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo

Juniorzy Gospodarki.

Salanova, M., Schaufeli, W. B., Xanthopoulou, D., & Bakker, A. B. (2010).

The gain spiral of resources and work engagement: Sustaining

a positive worklife. In A. B. Bakker & M. P. Leiter (Eds.), Work

engagement: A handbook of essential theory and research (pp. 118-

131). New York: Psychology Press.

Schaufeli, W. B., & Bakker, A. B. (2003). Work Engagement Utrecht Scale.

Preliminary Manual. Utrecht.

Schaufeli, W. B., Bakker, A. B., & Van Rhenen, W. (2009). How changes

in job demands and resources predict burnout, work engagement,

and sickness absenteeism. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30,

893–917.

Schaufeli, W. B., Taris, T. W., & Bakker, A. B. (2006). Dr. Jekyll and

Mr. Hide: On the differences between work engagement and

workaholism. In: R. Burke (Eds.), Research companion to working

time and work addiction, (pp. 193-217). Northampton: Edward Elgar.

Schaufeli, W. B., Taris, T. W., & Van Rhenen, W. (2008). Workaholism,

burnout and engagement: Three of a kind or three different kinds of

employee well-being. Applied Psychology: An International Review,

57, 173-203.

Seligman, M. E. P. (2011). Flourish: A Visionary New Understanding of

Happiness and Well-being. New York: Simon and Schuster,

Sonnentag, S. (2003). Recovery, work engagement, and proactive

behaviour: a new look at the interface between non-work and work.

Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 518-28.

Szabowska-Walaszczyk A., (2013) Komplementarny i suplementarny

charakter dopasowania pracownika do organizacji jako wyznacznik

zaangażowania w pracę. Niepublikowana rozprawa doktorska,

Uniwersytet Gdański.

Szabowska-Walaszczyk, A. (2010). Zaangażowanie w pracy i organizacji –

przegląd problematyki i narzędzi pomiaru, [Engagement at work and

in organization – review of the issue and tools]. In: A. M. Zawadzka

(Eds.), Psychologia zarządzania w organizacji, (pp.141-168) .

Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

Szabowska-Walaszczyk, A., Zawadzka, A. M., Wojtaś, M. (2011).

Zaangażowanie w pracę i jego korelaty: adaptacja skali UWES

autorstwa Schaufeliego i Bakkera. [Work engagement and its

correlates: an adaptation of Schaufeli’s and Bakker’s work

engagement measure – UWLS]. Psychologia Jakości Życia, 10 (1),

57-74.

Szabowska-Walaszczyk, A., Zawadzka, A. M, Brzozowski, A. (2013),

Employee engagement: how business goals can be achieved through

employee well-being, In: Málovics É. & Kincsesné Vajda B. (Eds.):

Proceedings of the “Scientific Management” and Management

Science Today International Scientific Conference, (pp. 418-

429). University of Szeged Faculty of Economics and Business

Administration,

Tatarkiewicz, W. (1983). Historia filozofii. [History of Phiposophy].

Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe

Taylor, S. E., & Lobel, M. (1989). Social comparison activity under threat:

Downward evaluations and upward contact. Psychological Review,

96, 569-575.